Parts Of A Tooth And Your Mouth


AlveolusA opening in your jaw-bone in which a tooth is attached.
ApexThe very bottom of the root of your tooth.
BuccalThe tooth surface which is next to your cheeks. Usually only posterior teeth touch your cheeks, so people usually use the term "buccal" only when talking about your back teeth.
CementumA bony substance covering the root of a tooth.
CrownThe part of your tooth above your gum.
DentinThe calcium part of a tooth below the enamel containing the pulp chamber and root canals.
EnamelA hard ceramic which covers the exposed part of your teeth.

parts of a tooth

FrenumSmall pieces of pink colored skin that attach your lips, cheeks and tongue to your mouth. Examples include the piece of skin under your tounge which sticks out when you pick up your tongue, and the piece of skin which sticks out when you pull out your lips.
GingivaeAnother name for your gums.
GumsThe pink areas around your teeth.
PulpThe soft inner structure of a tooth, consisting of nerve and blood vessels
Pulp CanalAnother name for the pulp chamber.
Pulp ChamberThe very inner part of your tooth containing nerve cells and blood vessels.
RootThe part of your tooth in your gums.

Dental Terms

AbutmentThe teeth on either side of a missing tooth.
AmalgamA silver/mercury mixture which is used for fillings.
Anatomy1) The arangement of the bones in your skeleton.
2) The study of the arrangement of the bones in your skeleton.
AntisepticA chemical agent which can be applied to living tissues to destroy germs.
AnestheticA drug which a doctor or dentist uses to put you, your mouth, or some other part of your body asleep so you do not feel any pain during dental or medical procedures.
AnteriorAn adjective used to describe things pertaining to your your Centrals, laterals and cuspids (your front teeth).
ArchCollectively, either the teeth or the basal bone of either jaw.
ArticulatorA special holder for models of your teeth. The articulator holds the models in the same alignment as your jaw so the orthodontist can look carefully at your bite.
AsepsisThe avoidance of potentially pathogenic microorganism. In practice,it refers to those techniques which aims to exclude all microorganisms.
AspiratorA tube like a straw which the dentist puts in your mouth to suck up all the saliva.
AspirationRemoval of fluids from your mouth with an aspirator.
BruxismClenching or grinding of your teeth especially at night.
CalculusA hard deposit that forms when you do not brush your teeth so the plaque hardens. Calculus is also known as tartar.
CariesAnother name for a cavities (tooth decay).
CavityA small hole in one of your teeth caused by tooth decay.
Cross ContaminationPassing bacteria, viruses or AIDS indirectly from one patient to another through the use of improper sterilization procedures, unclean instruments, or "recycling" of orthodontic products.
Crown1) An artifacial tooth, 2) an artificial replacement for the covering on a tooth.
CurettageA periodontal procedure where your gums are scraped to remove bacteria.
DecalcificationThe loss of calcium from your teeth. This weakens your teeth and makes them more succeptable to decay.
DentureA synthetic replacment for all of your teeth in either your upper or your lower jaw.
DiagnosisThe process of identifying the nature of a disorder.
Direct ContaminationDirect contact with impurities or germs. (for example by a Patient sneezing on the assistant.)
DisinfectionA cleaning process which destroys of most microorganism, but not highly resistant forms such as bacterial and mycotic spores or the AIDS virus.
DisinfectantA chemical agent which is applied onto inanimate surfaces, for example chairs, to destroy germs.
Disposable MaterialsMaterials intended for one use and discarded. (e.g.: Gloves, paper gowns, cotton rolls, sponges, etc.)
DistalBehind towards the back of the mouth. For example you might say that the first bicuspid is distal to the cuspid.
EdentulousSomeone is said to be edentulous when all of their teeth are missing from either their upper or lower jaw.
Endodontist (Endo)A dentist who specializes in root canals and the treatment of diseases or injuries that affect the root tips or nerves in your teeth.
Erupt, EruptionWhen a new tooth comes in, the tooth is said to erupt when the tooth breaks through the surface of your gums, so you can see the tooth in your mouth.
ExfoliateTo fall out. (Your Deciduous teeth exfoliate and permanent teeth erupt into the space.)
ExtraoralOutside of your mouth. For example, neck pads are said to be extra oral products since they go outside of your mouth.
FiltrumThe dimple or indentation under the nose directly above the upper lip.
FluorideA chemical solution or gel which you put on your teeth. The fluoride hardens your teeth and prevents tooth decay.
Gingival HypertrophyThe abnormal enlargement of the gingiva surrounding the teeth caused by poor oral hygiene.
GingivitisThe inflammation of your gums caused by improper brushing. The first sign of periodontal (gum) disease.
Impacted ToothAn un-erupted tooth that somehow has gotten stuck and cannot come in.
ImplantA replacement for one of your missing teeth. The implant is different than a bridge in that the implant is permanently attached into your jaw.
IncisalThe biting edge of your centrals and laterals.
InterproximalThe space between adjacent teeth.
IntraoralInside your mouth. For example, orthodontic rubber bands are called intraoral products since the rubber bands are designed to go in your mouth.
IrrigationThe technique of using a solution to wash out your mouth and to flush debris.
LabialThe tooth surface next to your lips or things mounted on the tooth surfaces next to your lips.
LingualThe tooth surface next to your tongue or things mounted on the tooth surfaces next to your tongue.
MandibleYour lower jaw.
MandibularPertaining to your lower jaw.
MasticateTo chew your food and mix the food with saliva.
MaxillaYour upper jaw.
MaxillaryPertaining to your upper jaw.
MesialForward or front. For example your cuspid is mesial to you bicuspid. The mesial surface of your bicuspid is the part of the bicuspid closest to your cuspid.
MidlineA plane through the very center of your mouth perpendicular to your nose.
Mixed DentitionThe situation when both deciduous and permanent teeth are present.
OcclusalThe chewing or grinding surface of the bicuspid and molar teeth.
Occlusal PlaneThe imaginary surface on which upper and lower teeth meet.
Occlusal RadiographThe only x-ray that is taken without a precision(tm) x-ray holder. The x-ray film for this procedure is shaped like a large oatmeal cookie. You are asked to bite on the x-ray film and the top of the x-ray machine is positioned over your nose for a maxillary occlusal x-ray or under your chin for a mandibular occlusal film. The x- ray shows the whole arch.
OralPertaining to the mouth.
OsteoblastsCells which aid the growth and development of teeth and bones.
OsteoclastsCells which help create the sockets in bones. For example osteoclasps create the openings in your jaw bone to hold your teeth.
PathogensDisease producing organisms that can exist in many different places. (e.g.: Air, dust, counter top surfaces, the body, etc.)
PathologyThe study of abnormal (diseased) tissue conditions.
Pedodontist (Pedo)A dentist who specializes in the treatment of children's teeth.
PeriapicalX-ray of individual teeth or groups of teeth.
Periodontist (Perio)A dentist who specializes in the treatment of diseases of your gums.
PlaqueIs a colorless, odorless, sticky substance containing acids and bacteria that causes tooth decay.
PeriodontalPertaining to your gums. For example periodontal disease is gum disease.
PeriodontistA dentist who specializes in the treatment of gum disease.
PosteriorAn adjective used to describe things pertaining to the back of your mouth or your back teeth.
ProphylaxisCleaning your teeth.
ProsthodontistA dentist who specializes in the replacement of missing teeth.
ProximalRefers to the surfaces of teeth that touch the next tooth; the space between adjacent teeth is the interproximal space.
RadiographAnother name for an x-ray.
Root CanalA procedure where the nerve of a heavily decayed tooth is removed from the tooth replaced with a filling material.
Sagittal PlaneThe longitudinal vertical plane that divides the mouth into two halves (left and right).
SanitizationA cleaning process which reduces germs to a "safe" level.
Space MaintainerA gadget used to maintain a space in your mouth. You would use a space maintainer when you lose one of your baby teeth. The space maintainer will keep a space in your mouth until a permanent tooth comes in to fill the space.
SterilizationA process where a medical material is treated to remove all possible germs and other forms of life.
Supernumerary TeethSome people have extra teeth. These are called "supernumerary teeth".
TartarAnother name for calculus.
TMJAn abreviation for the "temporomandibular joint". The "temporomandibular joint" is the joint where your lower jaw connects to your skull.
Treatment CardA sheet of paper or special index card used to record your treatment progress.

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